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Organisation : Sri Krishnadevaraya University
Announcement : Syllabus
Entrance Exam : SKUCET-2017 Sri Krishnadevaraya University Common Entrance Test
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SKUCET Syllabus :
TEST No– 04: BOTANY
Paper-I: Microbial Diversity, Cryptogams and Gymnosperms
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1. Origin and evolution of Life – an outline.
2. Viruses: Structure, replication and transmission; plant diseases caused by viruses and their control.
3. Bacteria: Structure, nutrition, reproduction and economic importance. An outline Of Plant diseases of important crop plants caused by bacteria and their control.
4. Brief account of Archaebacteria, Chlamydia, Actinomycetes and Mycoplasma.
5. Cyanobacteria: Cell structure, thallus organisation and their prospecting (uses) — Biofertilizers
6. Algae: General account, thallus organisation, structure, reproduction, classification and economic importance.
7. Structure, reproduction, life history and systematic position of Qedogonium, Ectocarpus and Polysiphonia.
8. Fungi: General characters, classification and economic importance.
9. Structure, reproduction and life history of Albugo, Penicillium, Puccinia, Alternaria,. General account of plant diseases caused by Fungi and their control.
10. Lichens: Structure and reproduction; ecological and economic importance.
11. Bryophytes: General characters, classification and alternation of generations.
12. Structure, reproduction, life history and systematic position of Marchantia, Anthoceros and Polytrichum. Evolution of Sporophyte in Bryophytes.
13. Pteridophytes: General characters, classification, alternation of generations and evolution of sporop htyte.
14. Structure, reproduction, life history and systematic position of Rhynia, Lycopodium, Equisetum.
15. Evolution of stele, heterospory and seed habit in Pteridophytes.
16. Gymnosperms: General characters, structure, reproduction and classification.
17. Morphology of vegetative and reproductive parts, systemic position, life history of Pinus and Gnetum
18. Distribution and economic importance; endangered Gymnosperms.
19. Palaeobotany: Introduction, Fossils and fossilization; Geological time scale; Importance of fossils. Bennettitales: General account
Anatomy, Embryology, Taxonomy and Medicinal Botany
1. Meristems: Types, histological organisation of shoot and root apices and theories.
2. Tissues and Tissue Systems: Simple and complex.
3. Leaf: Ontogeny, diversity of internal structure; stomata and epidermal outgrowths.
4. Stem and root: Vascular cambium – Formation and function. Anomalous secondary growth-General account. Stem – Achyranthes, Boerhavia, Bignonia, Dracaena; Root — Beta
5. Wood structure: General account. Study of local timbers — Teak (Tectona grandis), Rosewood, (Dalbergia latefolia), Red sanders, (Pterocarpus santalinus) Nallamaddi (Terminalia tomentosa (T. alata)), Yegisa (Pterocarpus marsupiun) and Neem (Azadirachta indica).
6. Introduction: History and importance of Embryology. Anther structure, Microsporogenesis and development of male gametophyte.
7. Ovule structure and types; Megasporogenesis; types and development of female gametophyte
8. Pollination – Types; Pollen – pistil interaction. Fertilization.
9. Endosperm – Development and types. Embryo – development and types; Polyembryony and Apomixis – an outline.
10. Palynology: Principles and applications.
11. Introduction: Principles of plant systematics, Systematics vs Taxonomy, Types of classification: Artificial, Natural and Phylogenetic.
12. Systems of classification: Salient features and comparative account of Bentham & Hooker and Engler & Prantle. An introduction to Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG).
13. Current concepts in Angiosperm Taxonomy: Embryology in relation to taxonomy, Cytotaxonomy, Chemotaxonomy and Numerical Taxonomy.
14. Nomenclature and Taxonomic resources: An introduction to ICBN, Vienna code – a brief account. Herbarium: Concept, techniques and applications.
15. Systematic study and economic importance of plants belonging to the following families: Annonaceae, Capparaceae, Rutaceae, Fabaceae (Faboideae/papilionoideae, Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae), Cucurbitaceae, Apiaceae, Asteraceae, Asclepiadaceae, Lamiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Orchidaceae and Poaceae.
16. SEthnomedicine: Scope, interdisciplinary nature, distinction of Ethnomedicine from Folklore Medicine. Outlines of Ayurveda, Sidda, Unani and Homeopathic systems of traditional medicine. Role of AYUSH, NMPB, CIMAP and CDRI.
17. Plants in primary health care: Common medicinal plants—Tippateega (Tinospora cordifolia), tulasi (Oscimum sanctum), pippallu (Piper longum), Karaka (Terminalia chebula), Kalabanda (Aloe vera), Turmeric (Curcuma longa).
18. Traditional medicine vs Modern medicine: Study of select plant examples used in traditional medicine as resource (active principles, structure, usage and pharmacological action) of modern medicine: Aswagandha ( Withania somnifera), Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina), Nela usiri (Phyllanthus amarus), Amla (Phyllanthus emblica) and Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri).
19. Pharmacognosy: Introduction and scope. Adulteration of plant crude drugs and methods of identification – some examples. Indian Pharmacopoeia.
20. Plant crude drugs: Types, methods of collection, processing and storage practices. Evaluation of crude drugs.