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Organisation : Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur
Entrance Exam : JET/Pre-PG(M.Sc. & Ph.D.) 2017 Joint Entrance Test
JET Syllabus :
The Question Paper would be available in the following five (05) subjects namely, Agriculture, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics, however, candidate has to attempt three subjects.
Related : MPUAT JET/Pre-PG 2017 M.Sc & Ph.D Joint Entrance Test : www.indianin.in/4208.html
SECTION – I BOTANY
UNIT – A :
Unity of Life: Structural organization of the cell. Electron Microscopic structure of cell. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Plant and animal cells.
Cell organelles and their functions-nucleus (including DNA and RNA structure), mitochondria, chloroplast, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi complex, lysosomes, microbodies, microfilaments, ribosomes, centriole, cell wall, cilia and flagella, vacuoles, cell inclusions-starch grains, mineral crystals.
Cell division : amitosis, mitosis and meiosis. Comparison of mitosis and meiosis. Significance of meiosis, cell cycle.
Continuity of Life:
Mendel’s experiments with pea and the reasons for his success. Mendel’s laws of inheritance, Mono and dihybrid crosses. Chromosome structure and morphology, chromosomes and genes, chromosome hypothesis. Linkages and crossing over. Mutations. Sex determination, genetic code, transcription and translation.
(i) Plant water relation, semi permeable membranes, osmosis, diffusion, diffusion pressure deficit (DPD), water potential, plasmolysis. Transpiration-types, factors affecting rate of transpiration. Guttation. Absorption of water, root as organ for absorption. Active and passive absorption of water and minerals.
(ii) Ascent of sap, path of ascent of sap, theories explaining ascent of sap
(iii) Mineral nutrition-role of minerals in plant growth, macro and micro elements for plant growth, trace elements.
(iv) Enzymesintroduction, enzymes as bio-catalysts, nature, classification and mode of enzyme action.
(v) Respirationdefinition, comparison of respiration and fire. Types of respiration-aerobic, anaerobic and fermentation processes. Respiratory substrate, respiratory quotient, respiration sites. Mechanism of aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
Glycolysis, Kreb cycle and alcoholic fermentation, Electron transport chain and Oxidative phosphorylation. Energy yield (Kilo calories). Factors affecting respiration.
(vi) Photosynthesis-definition, role of water, chlorophyll and carbon-di-oxide. Light and dark reactions, photophosphorylation, Hill reaction, Red drop, two pigment system, Calvin cycle, Photorespiration, chemosynthesis (brief account). Factors affecting photosynthesis.
(vii) Growth-definition, phases of growth, plant hormones (Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinin and ethylene) and growth regulation, action on various physiological processes. Factors affecting growth.
(viii) Vernalization and Photoperiodism.
(ix) Plant movements : a brief account of various types of plant movements with suitable examples.
UNIT – B :
Environmental Biology: Definition of ecology and environment. Environmental factors climatic, edaphic and biotic. Plant communities and their characteristics (Density, frequency and abundance), Plant adaptations in relation to water-xerophytes, mesophytes, hydrophytes etc.
Interaction between environment and organism, Ecosystem concept, trophic levels producers, consumers, decomposers. Food chain and food web. Ecological pyramids, Environmental Pollution-air and water sources and major pollutants, their effects and methods of control of pollution including nuclear fallout and waste disposal.
Noise pollution-sources and effects. Natural resources and their conservation, waste land their improvement and forest conservation. Causes for the extinction of wild life. Conservation of wild life and concept of endangered species(Red data book). Indian examples.
UNIT – C :
Botany and Human Welfare: Domestication of plants-historical account, improvement of crop plants-Plant breeding and plant introduction. Use of bio-fertilizers, economic and ecological aspects.
Use of pesticides : advantages and hazards, Economic botany (Botanical name, family, plant parts used and uses) of the following:
Cereals – Wheat and rice
Millets – Bajra, jowar
Pulses – Gram, urd and mung
Fibres – Cotton and sunnhemp
Oil seeds – Groundnut, rapeseed & mustard and castor
Sugar – Sugarcane
Fruits – Mango and banana
Medicinal plants- Guggal, serpgandha, belladonna, opium and isabgol.
Section – II: Zoology
(1) Description of animals and their economical importance with special reference to Agriculture;
(i) Protozoa – Amoeba
(ii) Helminthes – Soil Nematode
(iii) Annelida – Earthworm
(iv) Platy helminthes – Liver fluke
(v) Mollusca – Snail & Slug
(vi) Arthropoda (various classes)
(a) Arachnida – Mites (b) Crustacea – Prawns, Lobsters
(c) Diplopoda – Millipede (d) Chilopoda – Centipedes
(e) Insecta – Cockroach
(2) Important insects of crops and storage (General introduction, importance, host plants, losses, life cycle and their control).
(i) Red hairy caterpillar
(ii) White grub
(v) Pod borers
(vi) Khapra beetle
(3) Methods of insect control (Insect control: General introduction)
(i) Physical and mechanical control
(ii) Cultural control
(iii) Chemical control (pesticides, insecticide formulation, classification of insecticides, miticides, nematicides, rodenticides) and safe use of chemicals
(iv) Bio-control (Natural enemies of insects: Predators and parasitoids, pheromone traps, Trichoderma, NPV, botanical Insecticides.
(v) Integrated pest management
(vi) Sprayers and Dusters
(i) Nutrition in animals – Nutritive elements of food, energy yielding chemicals, minerals and vitamins, balance diet.
(ii) Respiration in animals – Gaseous exchange.
(iii) Circulation in animals – Blood – Composition, Blood groups, Rh-factor, Blood coagulation.
(iv) Reproductive system – male and female reproductive system.
(v) Reproduction & development
(a) Asexual & sexual reproduction in animals
(b) Gametogenesis: Spermatogenesis, structure of sperm, oogenesis and type of Ovum, female reproductive cycle
(c) Fertilization: External and internal fertilization.
(d) Mechanism of fertilization.