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Organisation : KL University
Announcement : Syllabus
Entrance Exam : KLUEEE 2017 KL University Engineering Entrance Examination

Syllabus :
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KLUEEE Syllabus :

Physics Syllabus :
Unit 1 : Units and dimensions
Fundamental units in the CGS & SI systems – Definitions of SI Units – Supplementary and derived units – Dimensions of Physical quantities – Application of Dimensional Analysis – uses – examples – Limitations of dimensional analysis.

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Errors in measurements – variation and average values – Number of observations – Ideas of standard deviation and mean deviation- Systematic and random errors – Significant figures and rounding off – Evaluation of percentage of errors.

Unit 2 : Elements of vectors
Addition and subtraction of Vectors – Laws of addition of vectors – Equal and null vectors – Unit vectors – Unit vectors in Cartesian co-ordinate system – Position vector and its magnitude – Parallelogram law of vectors – Expression for the resultant vector.

Triangle law and polygon law of vectors – Application to relative motion of a boat in a river – Multiplication of a vector with scalar. Scalar product with Examples of work and energy. Vector product with examples of torque and angular momentum. Vector and Scalar products of unit vectors.

Unit 3 : Kinematics-Dynamics
Equations of motion in a straight line under uniform acceleration – Equation of motion of freely falling body, vertically projected body from ground and from a height – Two dimensional motion – Projectiles with examples – Path of a projectile – maximum height, time of flight and range.

Newton’s Laws of motion – Concepts of inertia, momentum force, impulse and types of forces – Collision of two bodies in one dimension – one body at rest – two bodies moving in the same and opposite directions – Elastic and inelastic collisions – Coefficient of restitution.

Unit 4 : Work, Power, and Energy
Definition and units – Expressions for P.E. & K.E. – Work-energy theorem – Law of conservation of energy.

Unit 5 : Centre of Mass
Definition – Co-ordinates of center of mass – Velocity, Acceleration – Characteristics of center of mass – Examples in the case of two dimensional motions – Laws of motion of center of mass – Explosion.

Unit 6 : Friction
Causes of friction – Static, Kinetic and rolling friction – laws of friction – expressions for acceleration of a body on smooth and rough inclined planes (without rolling).

Unit 7 : Rotatory motion
Rotatory motion -Relationships between quantities in rotatory and linear motions – Centripetal and centrifugal forces – Concepts of torque and couple – Relation between angular momentum and torque – Moment of inertia – Rotational kinetic energy – Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems – Expressions for the Moment of inertia of a thin rod, sphere, circular ring, uniform disc., cylinder and rectangular lamina – Conservation of angular momentum with examples – Motion in a vertical circle.

Unit 8 : Gravitation
Kepler’s laws of planetary motion – Newton’s universal law of gravitation – Expression for the relation between g & G – Variation of ‘g’ with height, depth, latitude and local conditions. Inertial and gravitational masses – Escape velocity and orbital velocity – geo-statonary satellites and their uses.

Unit 9 : Simple Harmonic motion
Definitions and examples – Expressions for displacement, velocity, acceleration, time period and frequency – Expressions for the period of a simple pendulum and loaded spring – Force constant – Expressions for the KE & PE of a body in SHM.

Unit 10 : Elasticity
Elasticity & plasticity – Stress – Strain, Hookes law – Modulii of elasticity (Y,n,K) – Poisson’s ratio (s) – Relation between Y,n,K and s – Behaviour of wire under gradually increasing load – elastic fatigue – expression for strain energy – experimental determination of Y by Searle’s apparatus.

Unit 11 : Surface Tension
Surface tension – Definition and examples – Molecular Phenomenon – Angle of contact – Capillarity with examples in nature – Experimental determination of Surface Tension by capillary rise method with necessary theory – variation of Surface Tension with temperature – Expressions for excess pressure inside a drop and a bubble.

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Unit 12 : Hydrodynamics
Principle of Buoyancy – Pressure in a fluid – Bernoulli’s theorem – Aerodynamic lift and motion of spinning ball.

Unit 13 : Viscosity
Stream line flow – Explanation of viscosity – Poiseuille’s equation – determination of co-efficient of Viscosity – Variation with temperature.

Unit 14 : Expansion of Solids- Liquids-Gases
Three coefficients of expansion of solids their inter relationship – Determination of coefficient of linear expansion by mechanical lever method – Application to Bimetallic thermostat.

Coefficients of real and apparent expansion of liquids and the relation between them – Variation of density with temperature – Anomalous expansion of water and its effects – Experimental determination of real and apparent coefficients by Regnault’s method and specific gravity bottle.

Volume and pressure coefficients of expansion of gases – Experimental determination of volume and pressure coefficients by Regnault’s & Jolly’s bulb apparatus – Absolute zero – Kelvin’s scale of temperature – Boyle’s law and Charle’s law – Ideal gas equation.

Unit 15 : Thermodynamics
Definition of calorie, thermal capacity, specific heat and latent heats – Law of mixtures – Problems relating to specific heats and latent heats and law of mixtures – Joule’s law and Mechanical equivalent of Heat (J).

Three phases of matter and Triple point of water – Definition of specific heats of gases Cp & Cv – Isothermal and Adiabatic processes – Relationships between P,V & T – External work done by an ideal gas during expansion – Internal energy – Statements and explanation of Zeroeth law, First and Second laws of thermodynamics – Relation Cp-Cv = R.

Unit 16 : Thermal Radiations
Nature and properties of thermal Radiation – Prevost’s theory of heat exchanges – Emissive and absorptive powers – Black body radiation – Kirchoff’s law and its application – Newton’s law of cooling – Laws of Black body radiation – Stefan’s law, Weien’s displacement law and Planck’s formula (qualitative treatment only)

Unit 17 : Sound
Propagation of sound – Wave equation -Velocity of sound in solids, liquids and gases – Variation of velocity of sound in gases with temperature, pressure, density and humidity : Natural and Forced vibrations – Resonance with examples – Formation of stationary waves in stretched strings – Laws of transverse waves along stretched strings – Experimental verification by sonometer – Beats – Definition and explanation (Theory only) – Doppler effect – Formulae for apparent frequency in specific cases – Applications and limitations of Doppler effect.

Unit 18 : Geometrical Optics
Determination of velocity of light by Focault’s rotating mirror method – Its significance – Critical angle – Total internal reflection – Application to optical fibres.

Lens maker’s formula 1/f = (m -1) (1/R1+ 1/R2) – Defects of images – Spherical and Chromatic aberrations and their elimination (Qualitative treatment) – Construction of Ramsden’s and Huygens eye pieces.

Dispersion of light – Formula for refractive index of prism – Pure and impure spectra – arrangement to obtain pure spectrum – Description and working of spectrometer – Determination of angle of a prism – Angle of minimum deviation and Refractive index – Dispersive power of a prism.

Different kinds of spectra – Emission spectra-Line, Band and Continuous spectra- Absorption spectra – their significance – Fraunhoffer lines and their significance.

Unit 19 : Physical Optics
Nature of light – Newton’s corpuscular theory – Huygen’s wave theory – Electromagnetic theory Quantum Theory (Elementary ideas only) – Interference – Coherent sources – Young’s double slit experiment – Phenomenon of diffraction – Fresnel and Fraunhoffer diffraction – Diffraction at straight edge ( qualitative treatment) – Polarization – Concepts of polarization – Production of plane polarized light by reflection and double refraction (Polaroids).

Unit 20 : Magnetism
Magnetic pole strength – Inverse square law – Magnetic induction B – Formulae for magnetic induction on axial and equatorial line of a bar magnet and a very short bar magnet – Couple acting on a bar magnet placed in a uniform magnetic field – Magnetic moment of a magnet – Tangent law – Deflection magnetometer – Comparison of magnetic moments in Tan A and Tan B positions by equal distance method and null method – Verification of Inverse square law – vibration magnetometer – Experimental determination of M and BH.

Magnetic materials Dia, Para, Ferro, Antiferro and Ferrimagnetism – their properties – Electron theory of magnetism (qualitative treatment) – Permeability and Susceptibility (concepts only).

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